Disclaimer: I was an anthropology major in college, and my focus was mostly on cultural anthropology. This could get a little long winded…
Some clarification, are you talking about technology in general or ‘technology’ as in electronics, computers, etc? Because humanity and technology are completely inseparable. I don’t remember where I heard it first, or who even said it, but someone told me,‘Technology is anything invented after you were born.’ At one point, agriculture was the newest ‘technology’ and that wholly changed humanity forever. There are the differences between human culture as a whole and individual sub-cultures, and the influence of technology on either. And conversely, where tech influences sub-cultures which in turn can influence the overall human culture.
Presently (relatively speaking) the internet is arguably one of the biggest technological advances that will, and has, changed humanity similarly to agriculture way back when. I suppose the basic development of computers in general could be the start of that shift, but until the computers were all interconnected and generally widely available, IMO it didn’t influence culture on the same level. The internet has given innumerable sub-cultures around the world the ability to be connected on a global scale; look at this site and the countless others that are community boards where people with similar interests can gather. Whether that’s tech stuff, cars, or literally anything, there’s a 99% there’s a forum, blog, message board or some other internet gathering of like-minded people. On the other hand, there’s the argument that the internet and this massive interconnected-ness is actually splintering and dividing humanity as a whole, as it’s so easy to get stuck in an echo-chamber (see: 2016 election).
For the future, I can see the rise of VR and AI as two of the bigger challenges facing humanity and the culture we currently know. When VR reaches the level of ‘true reality,’ or at least damn near close enough, that is going to change a LOT of human culture. And if it coincides with near-sentient or fully-sentient AI, hold on to your butts. Between the automation of a large portion of the workforce and easily accessible VR, humanity will be more about escapism than anything else. Granted, this is a pretty bleak and pessimistic view of the future, but if you look at how attached people are to staring at their phones now just looking at Instagram pictures, fake news on Facebook, etc; it’s not hard to see how people will never want to come out of a ‘true’ VR experience. I don’t know how many people have seen ‘Avalon’ but that’s kind of what I’m seeing that future as. I think it will get to a point where humanity BECOMES technology; where we can infuse human minds into robots and live essentially forever.
This response may be of a wider scope than you were intending, in which case let me know, I can give my thoughts on more specific topics, but that’s be overall view of technology and culture.